Wednesday, September 21, 2016

Amazing Chinese Characters (82) Country - 国(國)

The shell bone script of character Country is

The right is Dagger-axe, the left 口 is city. Ancient Chinese thought that a city protected by army is country.

The big seal script of Character Country is

We can see there is

which is Dagger-axe (Post 80), means weapon or army too. To found a country, you should have armed forces to defend enemy, the short line on the left bottom represents the land, and the circle with a dot is the Sun, some people believe that the circle with a dot is population. Army, land, and sun or population form a country.

Its small seal script is

The big rectangle surrounding is the border, the inside is a Dagger-axe character, a small circle and a short horizontal line, which represent "Army, land, population, and border". 

Its clerical script is

similar to the small seal script.

The song typeface of traditional character is

same as the clerical script.

The song typeface of simplified character is

the inside 玉 is character Jade, very expensive. But border with jade is not good to represent a country. This simplified character lost its original ideogram features in order to reduce a few strokes, which is bad.
Its Pinyin is "Guo1".

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