Tuesday, October 11, 2016

Amazing Chinese Characters (101) Crowd - 众(眾)

The shell bone script for Crowd is

  or

The left one, we see three people line up.
The right one, there is a character Sun (Post 4) on the top, three people line up under the Sun. It means the crowd.


The character is an ideogram character.

Its big seal script is


The top is changed character Eye right now, which means that a supervisor is watching a group of people. Why did it change from people under the sun to people under watched? My rational is that the shell bone script time was Primitive society, people were equal, only leader, no supervisor. The big seal script time was Slave society, people were not equal, most people were under watched to work. There is another possibility: the Eye represents 3 or 6 eyes of the 3 people. All open eyes to see somethings together.

The small script is


similar to the big seal script.

Its clerical script is


The top has some similarity to character Eye but the bottom has no any similarity to three People at all. The reason why it changed so much is unknown to me.

The current standard printing script for traditional character is


similar to clerical script, but better because the top is Eye, but the bottom is not similar to three People.

The current standard printing script for simplified character is


which are three People (Post 37), one is on top, two are on the bottom, a triangle. It is different from the older scripts, but it is better to describe the crowd nowadays. Three people together means Crowd, doesn't matter if they are under the Sun or under watched. It is a few except simplified characters which are better than their traditional counterparts.


Its Pinyin is "Zhong".

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