Tuesday, November 29, 2016

Amazing Chinese Character (116) Dog - 犬

The shell bone for original Chinese character Dog is


a dog in vertical position. Let's put it horizontally


which is more like a dog.


As I mentioned in character Pig, ancient Chinese wrote the characters on bamboo slips, it is easier to draw the animal in vertical on bamboo slips because they are very narrow.

Its small seal script is


which is changed so big that people can't relate it to its shell bone script. The bottom part is dramatically simplified.

Its clerical script is

which is also changed very big, not much similarity to either shell bone script or small seal script.

I should point out that there is another character for Dog (Post 123), which is very popular too. Let's see its small seal script


the left radical,


is very similar to the Dog character, which is an indictive part for animal. If a character has this "Dog radical", it is an animal. The right part is the pronunciation of the character. This kind characters are called phonogram. One radical shows what the character related, another decides the pronunciation.

This one actually, the pronounciation of the character is not same as it right part pronunciation. It happens because the pronunciations of many characters has changed from their original ones.

The Song typeface of Dog is


Its Pinyin is "Quan3".

Another one is
 

Its Pinyin is "Gou3".

They two are totally different in writing and pronunciation, but both mean Dog. Normally, 犬 is more formal than 狗, used more in writing than speaking.


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