Monday, November 27, 2017

Amazing Chinese Characters (180) Stomach - 胃

The shell bone script for character Stomach is

a bag with some rice or food inside, which is pictograph character.

The bronze script for character is

the top is the bag with food as the shell bone script, the bottom one is character 月, which means "Flesh" here but is Moon if used as a single character.

The character means a flesh bag or a bag inside a body, which is stomach.

The big seal script for the character is
very similar to its bronze script.

The small seal script for the character is

the bag is rectange, not round; the bottom is more symmetrical.

The clerical script for the character is

no rice dots inside of the bag, strokes are straight lines except one on the bottom left.

The current standard printing script is

All are straight lines, you can't imagine what its shell bone or big seal scripts look like from it.

Its Pinyin is Wei4.

Wednesday, November 22, 2017

Amazing Chinese Characters (179) Fork - 叉

The shell bone script for character Fork is


The middle of the top one is 

which is a hand. It is surrounded by many dots,  meaning that a hand inserts into many small stuffs, such as rice. 

The bottom one has only two dots, but same meaning.

The big seal script for this character is

a hand with one dot.

Its small seal script is
similar to big seal script.

All above are like a Fork.

Its clerical script is

the hand becomes
which is not like a hand, even though if you look it carefully, you still can see a little bit similarity. The curves become less curve or straight lines.

The current standard printing script is

Its Pinyin is Cha1.

I need to point out that 叉 also means "Cross" or "X". 

Saturday, November 18, 2017

Amazing Chinese Characters (178) Rush - 奔

The bronze script for Rush or Run quickly is

the top is a person who moves his arms, and takes big steps,  the bottom are three feet.

Let's compare it with another character in shell bone script

 which means Walk.

The two characters have the same top parts, three feet on the bottom of Rush, and one foot on the bottom of Walk.

Here the one foot or three feet means how fast the person walks or runs. One foot means slow, and three feet means fast. Or we can think that the one big foot is clear to us, three small feet let us feel a little bit blurring because the feet move so quickly, we can't see them clearly.

But in walking, we can see the feet clearly

The small seal script for Rush is

similar to the bronze script, but changed a lot.

In comparison, the small seal script for Walk is

The bottom foot is not similar to the feet in Rush.

The clerical script for Rush is
a little bit similarity to the small seal script.

The clerical script for Walk is

No similarity to Rush any more.

I don't know why they changed from very similar to not similar at all.

The current standard printing script is

which is very similar to its clerical script.

Its pinyin is Ben1.

I need to point out that 奔 is a verb, means run if it is used alone. But it could be adverb, means ”trying hard" if it is used with 走 - walk, or other moving verbs. For example, 奔走 - walk very hard (may be very fast in compare with walking). 

Friday, November 3, 2017

Amazing Chinese Characters (177) Neat or Uniformity - 齐

The shell bone script for character Neat is

It is a picture of shoots, meanwhile germination.

The big seal script for this character is

very similar to the shell bone script.

The character also means uniform movement

Its small script is

which keeps the 3 shoots, but adds a "=" in the middle. The = emphasizes the time is same, the hight is same for the shoots.

Its clerical script is

which changed too much to be similar to the old script. I did not find any explanation for the reason why it changed to this form.

Its current standard script for traditional charater is

Same as the clerical script.

The current standard script for simplified character is

which is from cursive script. But if it has any meaning? I don't know.

Its pinyin is Qi1.