Thursday, March 18, 2021

Amazing Chinese Characters (350) Flourish - 兴(興)

 The shell bone script of character Flourish is

There are two drawings. 
The top one: two hands on the sides, palms face each other, the middle is a wood brick model.
The bottom one: the two hands on each side, palms face up, the middle one is mud.
From the bottom one: a person holds the mud and raise it up over his head (see the picture below)
Continue to the up one: the person drop the mud on the brick model. (picture doesn't show, but we can imagine that his continuous movement).

The worker smashed the mud into wooden mold.

then cut the extra mud with a tight wire, which is the top of the character.

Carefully take the mold off, leave the fresh brick on the ground for days let it air dry, then take it to build a house, or move it into brick kiln to fire bricks for better bricks.

Which is the bottom of the character.

The fresh bricks are burnt in a brick kiln for many days to get good quality bricks for build up buildings, or bridges or palace, etc.   Only when people have enough food, and extra money to do large scale construction,  a Flourish time.

The bronze script of the character is

Similar to shell bone script, but some lines are connected instead of separated, which makes confusion. But if you compare it with the shell bone script, you can find the similarity.

The small seal script of the character is

We can see the hands. If we see carefully, we can see that the lower rammer - 口 is close to the upper rammer which has longer ropes covering the lower rammer. too close to see two rammers.  

The clerical script of the character is

The top part is similar to that of small seal script, the bottom long dots are two simplified hands.

The song typeface for the traditional character is
Very similar to the clerical script.

The song typeface of simplified character is
The top becomes 3 long dots, each represent one part of the top, reducing the strokes dramatically. At the same time, the pictography of character is destroyed. 

Its Pinyin is Xing1.

The character could combine with 高 - High, to form a word 高兴 - Happy. The pronunciation of 高兴 is Gao1-Xing4.

So there are two pronunciations: Xing1, Xing4. 

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