Tuesday, March 8, 2022

Amazing Chinese Characters (481) Marquis - 侯

 The big seal script of character Marquis is

The top 厂 means cliff, the lower part 

is arrow. 
The ancient people went to archery range in front of cliff to practice archery. Unless in a war, people who could practice archery were upper class, such as marquis. Because it was expensive to do so. 

The small seal script of the character is

The top means an animal head, here may be a target for the archery. The rest is similar to big seal script above.

The clerical script of the character is 
The left is Single Person Radical, which means something related to people. In comparison with its small seal script and shell bone script, the Person Radical is added in clerical script. The reason why the radical was added in clerical script is because the 侯 started to be used in Han Dynasty when the clerical script was popular. Clerical script put a Person Radical to make it a specific title of nobility.

The cliff is disappeared. The top of right part is an animal head, the bottom is character Arrow (Post 38). Right now it means "A person who practice archery", this kind person is marquis. 

The Pinyin of the character is Hou1.

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