Thursday, June 16, 2022

Amazing Chinese Characters (508) Emperor's carriage - 辇(輦)

 The shell bone script of character emperor's carriage is

The middle is Vehicle (Post 5), the above is one of many Vehicle characters, even though it is not one of following.


Because the characters were not unified until small script (about 2200 year ago), one character could have many forms.

There is a U shape in the front, and two 夫 s hanging on the U, which are two men who push the U frame by shoulders. On each sides of U, there are two men pushing the U by hands. The vehicle is big, needing many people to push it forward. 

The big seal script of the character is

The two 大 on the front are two men pulling the vehicle, the bottom 車 is the vehicle (Post 5).

The small seal script of the character is

The front two 夫 on the front are two men pulling the vehicle, the bottom is the vehicle, similar to big seal script.

The clerical script of the character is
Similar to small seal script.

The simplified song typeface of the character is


The bottom Vehicle 車 is replaced by simplified 车.

The Pinyin of the character is Nian3.

The character is not used because there is no Emperor's carriage anymore, even no man power big vehicles. The character is used in compound character Expel (or Drive out, or Catch up). 

Let's see the big seal script of character Expel

The left is Radical Hand, the right is character Emperor's Carriage, adding an extra Hand to push the carriage  means to rush forward. 

The clerical script of character Expel is
The left is Radical Hand, the right is character Emperor's Carriage.

The simplified song typeface of the character is 

Its Pinyin is Nian3, exactly same as 辇. This is why people feel difficult to learn Chinese from the pronunciations, because one pronunciation has many characters, from a few to tens or ever more than one hundred. But one character has only one script form since small seal script, limited a few forms in most characters before small seal script, so it is much much easier to learn Chinese characters from pictography, which is the reason why I build up this blog. 








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